Navy Nurse Memoir book of the day

WWII…A Navy Nurse Remembers
by Elizabeth Kinzer O’Farrell

Most of the books I have collected are about or by WWII nurses who served overseas, but this is by one of the nurses who cared for the wounded who returned and were treated in military hospitals in the States. There aren’t many books written by U.S. Navy nurses, granted there were far fewer of them than the army nurses. 14,000 navy nurses versus 60,000 army nurses is the usual estimate of World War II who served the military.
Elizabeth Kinzer O’Farrell was based at the Great Lakes Naval Hospital and the Glenview Naval Air Station Dispensary from May 1943 until April 1945, doing general nursing and not working with returning wounded from the war. As she states, her next assignment to St. Albans Naval Hospital in New York “was an introduction to … the reality of war and the consequences for those who survived it.” She recalls, some sixty years later, individual patients who returned to try to regain their lives after the wounds of war.
A course in Physical Therapy followed in 1946, along with an apprenticeship program led her to the U. S. Naval Hospital in Corona, California. She found this to be a very rewarding career for her in the navy. In addition to treating the wounded and paralyzed veterans, there was also the care of polio patients in physical therapy. Reassigned to Great Lakes in Illinois, Elizabeth eventually found the work in naval hospitals to be easing up because of the end of the war, and resigned in 1948.
Memoirs, especially written so many years after the experience, seem to be more thoughtful than detailed, as I found when interviewing the nurses for my book. They see the broad picture, and it is probably influenced by their more recent experiences in life. They are all brave for having signed up, not knowing where the next few years would take them.

WWII Nurses Book of the Day 5/29/13

HATHAWAY by PRUDENCE BURNS BURRELL

Cover photo of author, captioned “1st Lt. Prudence (Hathaway) Burns, Army nurse of World War II, stationed in Australia, New Guinea and the Phillipines

500 African-American women served as nurses in the U.S. Army Nurse Corps during the second world war. Segregation was the norm in the 1940s, and the nurses served overseas with all-Black units. This is the memoir of one of the first nurses who helped recruit other Black nurses at the beginning of the war. She began serving at an all-Black hospital at Fort Huachuca, Arizona, before going overseas to a segregated hospital in New Guinea. Spending a few months in Australia while waiting for the New Guinea hospital to be finished is one of the more interesting parts of her experience. She was instrumental in improving the lives of the Black soldiers by confronting the White commanders in charge, and made life-long friends with local families.

Prudence Burrell tells her own story by using the pseudonym “Hathaway” and relating her life in the 3rd person. The experiences are true, but the book could have been edited a bit. Still, the interesting life of a brave and caring nurse is enlightening. The book begins with her infancy and concludes with her life in retirement, including her 40-year marriage to a fellow officer.

I am very grateful to her for providing the names of many other nurses who served in segregated units in Liberia, England, CBI (China-Burma-India) and New Guinea. She doesn’t gloss over any of the experiences that were part of the life of African-Americans in the military or the United States in the 1940s. Many of the other Black nurses’ stories in my book, No Time For Fear, are told with the same frankness that Prudence Burrell related.

Australia in WWII

Have been fascinated with a  website from Australia about World War II. Peter Dunn has been collecting, and displaying all sorts of information about the 1940s in Australia and is always looking for more information.The website includes much about the ‘Yanks’  and all that was involved in saving that part of the world.

I find that I can spend a couple of hours looking at the various links, including locations for camps, many many unit histories, important and average military members, and more than I can mention. Listed are books, including No Time For Fear, Voices of American Military Nurses in World  War II. There were a  lot of hospital units in Australia at various times during WWII, including ones that some of my nurses were with.

Edith Vowell tells that the 153rd Station Hospital may have been the first U.S. Army hospital to operate in Australia. Phyllis Simpson McGlory served with the 33rd Surgical Hospital in Rockhampton, and Prudence Burns Burrell landed in Sidney with the 268th Station Hospital. Prudence spent several months in Brisbane before assignment to New Guinea. Edith Vowell was surprised when she was leaving for the U.S. after the war ended that the ship she was on contained several warbrides from Australia. Why not?

Peter Dunn’s website is www.ozatwar.com and he is on Facebook and Twitter. Check it out and see what is interesting to you.

Nurses of WWII Book of the day

Bach, Pearl L. Will Haugland Taylor. Pearl’s World: Lifetime Memories of a World War II Army Nurse.

Pearl wrote a small memoir of her years as a nurse where she served in Canada, Alaska, and the Philippines. The copy I have is only 30 pages, with a spiral binding. The cover photo is black and white and a little splotchy, with a smiling Pearl wearing her nurse’s cape. When did the capes stop being issued? Or for that matter, the nurses’ white cap that was issued at their graduation ceremony?

My book, No Time for Fear,  relates Pearl’s story with regard to the war years, and she appears in three separate sections. Her memoir correctly states that she grew up in North Dakota during the lean years of the Depression. After graduating from high school, Pearl and her brother went to Tacoma, Washington, where she eventually became a nurse in 1940. When Pearl Harbor was bombed, Pearl joined the American Red Cross, which was the way the U.S. Army was recruiting nurses.

As an army nurse Pearl volunteered to work in Alaska and was stationed in Skagway, in a small clinic that was part of the buildup of the Alcan Highway. The U.S. Army acquired a hospital in British Columbia and Pearl went there where they took over for Canadians. While both were on leave, she married her boyfriend who then was stationed in California. Soon Pearl was sent to the Philippines, arriving in early 1945  after the battle for Leyte. The 133rd General Hospital was a tent hospital located in the countryside, where the patients were battle casualties and she first learned of the ‘new’ penicillin. When the war ended Pearl returned to the States just one year after she had left to be discharged and rejoin her husband.

Her variety of locations and types of nursing with the army make a wonderful story, but her own story before and after the war shows how difficult life was at that time in the history of the country.  Many of the nurses came from difficult backgrounds and,  like Pearl, had grown up during the Depression. They overcame the hardships during a time when women had few choices for their future. Nursing was the opening many of them took to get away from impoverished or unstable backgrounds, and provided a way to take care of themselves or their families. Let alone that they were given the chance to move to where jobs were located, those in the military were given an opportunity to travel around the world.

I don’t know if this memoir is available anywhere as a used book, but I cherish the copy I have. When you meet these women in their 80s and 90s, remember that there is a story to be told.

 

 

 

Nurses of WWII Books

Nurses from all over the world served their countries during the wars of the 1940s, and the following books are some of their stories that intrigued me when searching for books about and by American nurses.

Hampton, Ellen. Women of Valor, The Rochambelles on the WWII Front,  2006.  An American widow, Florence Conrad, formed a group of mostly French women to drive ambulances in occupied France in 1943.   These are exciting, thrilling, and sometimes humorous stories of brave women who wanted to help their country in wartime.

McBryde, Brenda. Quiet Heroines, Nurses of the Second World War. 1985.  In her first book, A Nurse’s War,Brenda McBryde tells of her experience as a British nurse during WWII. In this book she relates stories from many other brave women from England who served throughout the world  in the war against the Germans and Japanese. I found this book while writing and researching my book about American nurses, and was very inspired to get the stories of military nurses into history.

Fenton, Peter. OLIVE WESTON, The Heroic life of a World War II nurse, 2003. This is one of several books about the brave and fascinating nurses of Australia. Olive Weston was a teenager studying nursing when she began work at  the American 12th Station Hospital in her hometown of Townsville. She was eighteen years old when the war ended, and once again a civilian. Her life story is as uplifting as the time she spent helping the wounded patients. 

Books listed as ‘Book of the Day’ may be hard to find, but usually the online Used Book Dealers have a source for them. I regularly look for used books on abebooks.com, addall.com, bookfinder.com and amazon.com. This is how I collect the books about WWII nurses, and the books written by doctors or medics who have mentioned nurses in their works.

Nurses of WWII Book of the Day 10/17/12

Godson, Susan H. Serving Proudly: A History of Women In The U.S. Navy.  2001.

While this book is not just about WWII nurses, their contributions are in a separate chapter, and mentioned throughout the book. Susan Godson is a historian and has written about different subjects. Already mentioned in this series about WWII nurses’ books, is  In And Out Of Harm’s Wayby Doris Sterner. A very thorough book just about  U.S. Navy Nurses, Sterner, herself a navy nurse,  published the book without the authority of the navy. Godson’s book is about all U.S. Navy women and is published by the Naval Institute Press. I learn more wonderful things about ‘my nurses’ in each of these books.

Mary Sarnecky, an army nurse, wrote the book, A History of  the Army Nurse Corps, which was mentioned previously in this list. That book was published in 1999, which included of course, WWII, and ended with the Vietnam War. A 2nd volume is now available for the years following, until 2000.  A Contemporary History Of The U.S. Army Nurse Corps  is the title and a more thorough history of the army nurse corps will not be found again soon.

These books are available through the Interlibary Loan at your library, or through Amazon.com.

WWII Nurse Book of the Day 10/12/12

Russell, Maxine K. Jungle Angel: Bataan Remembered. The story of Hortense E. McKay as told to Maxine Russell. 1988.

When the bombs were dropped in the Phillipines Dec. 8, 1941, Hortense McKay was an army nurse in Manila. Patients were transported to Bataan where hospitals were set up in the jungle. Continuous bombing, hunger, lack of supplies, led to horrible conditions. Before the Japanese took over the area, the nurses were sent to Corregidor, to the Malinta tunnel hospital. McKay was one of the few who were then evacuated in a submarine before the Japanese entered the tunnel and held everyone prisoner. She worked with hospitals in Australia and New Guinea before returning to the Philippines when the U.S. landed in Leyte.  This is a small book, but very well-written to tell of the actual difficult conditions in the jungles of the Phillippines.

As author of No Time For Fear, I always am fascinated by the stories I did not get to include, and this is another, telling of the horrible conditions the brave nurses of WWII often worked in during the war. The prisoners are remembered in my book, and many others, but this honors those nurses who were not captured.

All the books in this collection are available through either Amazon.com or the Interlibrary Loan of your library.

WWII Medical Re-Enactment

Many  people are involved in Re-encactment units and I have found a few that emphasize US Medical history. An interesting one is the WW2 US Medical Research Centre, which is based in England and posts much information about the American hospital units, personnel, equipment and locations. Individuals may send information that relates to this subject and it will be printed if verified.  www.med-dept.com is the website.  

I appreciate these organizations that keep the story of brave Americans alive, and will help anyone who needs information about the brave nurses who served everywhere around the world.

WWII Nurse Book of the Day 8/14/12

Weigand, Cindy. Texas Women in World War II. Lanham MD, Republic of Texas Press, 2003.
27 chapters about women from all services, including WASP, and Red Cross. European theatre, CBI, Pacific theatre, and U.S.

Books available from Interlibrary Loan in most libraries and Amazon.com has Used and New Copies

WWII Nurse Book of the Day 8/1/12

Mangerich, Agnes Jensen. Albanian Escape, The True Story of U.S. Army Nurses Behind Enemy Lines. Lexington, KY, University Press of Kentucky, 1999. Flight nurses.
After their C-53 transport plane crash landed in Albania, Agnes Jensen and 12 other nurses, along with the medics and flight crew, spent the next nine weeks avoiding Germans and finding their way through blizzards and mountainous trails. Helped by local partisans they were eventually rescued and returned to their squadrons in Sicily. Three nurses were mistakenly left behind and it took them two more months to be rescued. This is a suspense-filled story of the only group of Army flight nurses to have spent time in occupied territory.
‘Jens’ changed some names in relating the experience in her book, but in NO TIME FOR FEAR, VOICES OF AMERICAN MILITARY NURSES IN WORLD WAR II she and three other survivors of the crash-landing relate first-person oral histories of this fascinating story.

Another book by a veteran of the Albanian experience is Rescue Out Of Albania, A True Account of a WWII Underground Mission, by Lawrence O. Abbott, and his son, Clinton W. Abbott. Abbott was a medic aboard the flight, and tells the harrowing experience from the experience of an enlisted man.
Other books telling of this Albanian rescue are Savage Will, The Daring Escape Of Americans Trapped Behind Nazi Lines, by Timothy Gay, who also wrote Assignment to Hell,; The Secret Rescue, An Untold Story of American Nurses and Medics Behind Nazi Lines, by Cate Lineberry. Many books about WWII include the Albanian story such as Mediterranean Sweep, pp. 231-43, by Richard Thruelson, and Beyond The Call of Duty, Army Flight Nursing in World War II, by Judith Barger.

Books available through Interlibrary Loan Dept. of public libraries, and Amazon.com sells Used and New copies.